Auteur : xsjbearing


Bearings are an important part of contemporary machinery and equipment. Its main function is to support the mechanical rotating body, reduce the friction coefficient during its movement, and ensure its rotation accuracy.

The early form of linear motion bearings was to place a row of wooden poles under a row of skid plates. Modern linear motion bearings use the same working principle, but sometimes use balls instead of rollers. The simplest rotary bearing is a bushing bearing, which is just a bush sandwiched between the wheel and the axle. This design was subsequently replaced by rolling bearings, which replaced the original bushings with many cylindrical rollers, each of which was like a separate wheel.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics, my country has the hope of becoming the world’s largest bearing production and sales base.

There are many bearing suppliers, but as far as bearing supplier is concerned, I recommend Hangzhou New Century Universal Joint Co., Ltd. The company is located in Paradise, Hangzhou, China. It has passed IATF16949 quality management system certification, making the company more competitive in the market. In addition, the company is a modern enterprise integrating development, design, manufacturing, sales and service. Its products include universal joints, drive shafts, locks, etc., which are sold in more than 20 states at home and abroad, the United States, Mexico, Russia, Brazil, Spain, India and other regions, and are sold in Japan, Italy, Germany and other countries.The Development Of Bearing


Where are the agricultural machinery drive shafts generally used?

Agricultural machinery custom universal joints are used in the power transmission of modern agricultural machinery, the most common power transmission between tractors and agricultural machinery or between the power output and input of the agricultural machinery itself, so that the agricultural machinery can achieve the effect of normal operation.

At the same time, the shaft has the characteristics of universal transmission, and the input end and the output end may not be in the same plane. According to different types, the structure of the agricultural machinery drive shaft can make the angle between the output end and the input end reach 0-80°. The medium can be stretched left and right within the specified range.

Agricultural machinery drive shafts are mainly used as spare parts for various agricultural machinery. The continuous rapid development of society has driven the development of agriculture. Nowadays, agricultural production is basically mechanized, and these machinery require a combination of various parts.

In agriculture, the role of the transmission shaft is quite large. All kinds of machinery need the transmission shaft to drive the operation. If the lack of mechanized operation will reduce the efficiency of work, especially in this society of mechanical development, Inefficiency means getting closer to failure. Development emphasizes efficiency of universal joint manufacturer is undoubtedly a tool to improve efficiency.


According to the function of the axle, the axle only bearing supplier the role of the radial force of the rotating body and does not transmit torque. For example, the front axle of a bicycle is a fixed axle, and the axle does not participate in rotation. The wheel axle of a train car It is also a spindle, but when the wheel is running, the axle and the wheel rotate together;

The drive shaft only serves to transmit rotational torque. For example, a shaft between the truck engine and the rear axle is connected to the gearbox and rear axle by universal joints at both ends to transmit the torque output from the engine to the rear axle and drive the wheels. Turn, this is the drive shaft.

The rotating shaft is the shaft that undertakes the common tasks of the first two. For example, the gear shaft in the gearbox not only undertakes the vertical action and force on the shaft during gear transmission, but also transmits torque to the next stage. This shaft is called the rotating shaft.

common error:

Shaft wear is a common equipment problem during shaft use. It is mainly caused by the metal characteristics of the shaft: although the metal has high hardness, it has poor concession, cannot be restored after deformation, and has poor impact resistance, so it is easy to cause adhesive wear, abrasive wear, Fatigue wear, fretting wear, etc. Most of the shaft wear is not easy to detect. Only when the machine has high temperature, large beating amplitude, abnormal noise, etc., can it be noticed. However, when people find out, most of the U-Joint With 4 Grooved Round Bearings have worn out, causing the machine to stop.


The universal joint manufacturer bearing is installed between the front axle half shaft and the wheel, which is responsible for driving and steering. On a front-engine rear-wheel drive vehicle, the universal joint transmission is installed between the transmission output shaft and the input shaft of the transaxle final drive. The combination of universal joint and drive shaft is called universal joint transmission.

Working principle of universal joint bearings

When the active fork is in the vertical position of the linear bearing, and the cross axis plane is perpendicular to the active axis. At this time, the linear velocities of the connecting point of the driving fork and the cross shaft and the connecting point of the driven fork and the cross shaft on the axis plane of the cross special bearing are equal.

The speed projection of the driven fork to the cross-axis plane. Because the condition 1 is difficult to meet when the non-independently suspended thrust roller bearing frame is used, the relative position of the transmission and the main reducer is constantly changing, and the unequal speed can only be achieved as much as possible small.

The unequal velocity of the cross shaft universal joint. It means that the angular velocity of the driven shaft is uneven in a circle, and the driven shaft is fast and slow. If the driving shaft rotates at the type constant angular speed, that is, a single cross shaft universal joint has The unequal speed of the transmission at the angle.

The angle between the two shaft angular contact ball bearings of the first universal joint is equal to the angle between the two shafts of the second universal joint. The double cross-shaft universal joint realizes the conditions of constant speed transmission between the output shaft of the transmission between the two shafts and the input shaft of the drive axle. The driving fork is in the horizontal position and the plane of the cross turntable bearing axis is perpendicular to the driven shaft. The driving fork direction The velocity projection of the cross axis plane. The bearing driven fork of the first universal joint is in the same plane as the driving fork of the second universal joint. The angular speed of the driving and driven shafts is related to the Pressed Bearings system. The greater the angle of the two shafts, the greater the speed, and the worse the unequal speed of the drive shaft.


Flexible 57x152mm universal joint for TRUCK GU7630 3874100031 1651229 with metal elastic elements are generally selected under high temperature, low temperature, oil, acid, and alkali working environments, such as diaphragm couplings, serpentine spring couplings, etc. Weak selection of rubber component materials, so the flexible universal joint is easy to be corroded.

The following points should be paid attention to when choosing universal joint

1. According to the transmitted torque and performance, and the cushioning damping force. High-power load transmission wins the choice of drum gear coupling, for overload or vibration, choose tire-type coupling or coupling with high elastic pin coupling;

2. The precision of the universal joint affects the speed and centrifugal force;

3. The displacement and direction of the two shafts should be considered when selecting the model, and the flexible elastic pin coupling should be used when the universal joint for truck two shafts produce a large additional relative displacement.


According to the characteristics of universal joint manufacturer drive shaft transmission, manipulation and work, universal joint drive shafts can be divided into three types, namely independent power output, semi-independent power output, and non-independent power output.

1. Independent power output

The power output shaft does not affect the normal operation of the driven tools when the car starts, runs, shifts and stops. The starting and stopping of the working mechanism has nothing to do with the starting, running and stopping of the car.

2. Semi-independent power output

The power output shaft does not affect the normal operation of the driven tools when the car starts, runs, shifts and stops. The starting, running and stopping of the working mechanism may not occur simultaneously with the starting and stopping of the car, but when the car unit is working, The machine tool must be started first, and then the car is started; the farm machine tool can be stopped after the car is stopped; that is, the car is in the parking state before the machine tool working mechanism is started and when it is stopped.

3. Dependent power output

The operation and stalling of the power output shaft is completely restricted by the operation and parking of the car, that is, the power output shaft can only start to run after the car starts running; when the car stops, the power output shaft stops immediately. The constant speed power output shaft of 5-153X GU1000 PRECISION 369 universal joint is used to drive harvesters, rotary tillers and fixed working tools.


In recent years, custom universal joints have been more and more used in precision machinery controlled by systems such as a variety of manufacturing machinery. In these fields, unlike general manufacturing machinery, universal joints must be heightened between output and input. Tracking.

Especially when high-speed rotating machine tools with high-frequency forward and reverse rotation and high-precision positioning are required, the universal joint must not only have high rigidity, but also have the ability to withstand repeated torsional loads and high elastic fatigue limit to adapt to high-speed operation. Therefore, the universal joint must have high torque rigidity, zero rotation gap, and the elastic body to compensate the radial, axial, angular deviation, clockwise and counterclockwise rotation characteristics of the two shafts of the manufacturing machine during the transmission process.

In the past, universal joints were generally regarded as mechanical parts. However, in order to achieve higher functions, the familiarity with coupling has been transformed from a simple mechanical part to an important mechanical element that can control the function of the entire mechanical system.

Therefore, it is increasingly difficult for only the product development of a single manufacturer to meet the needs of users. At present, it has become a trend for users and manufacturers to jointly develop universal joints that meet the requirements of mechanical systems, and the future development of the universal joint for truck industry will get better and better.


The most fundamental function of custom universal joints is to change direction. If we need to transfer the torque to another angular space and change the direction of the rotating torque, then we will use a universal joint cross, and this is its job responsibility.

Common universal joint cross in automobiles include: flexible couplings, three-pin shaft universal joint cross, universal joint cross, spherical universal joints, double universal joints, and so on.

The so-called cross-axis universal joint cross means that there is a cross-shaped part in the middle of the universal joint cross, and the shaft forks on both sides are rotating around the cross. Because of the relative movement between them, the cross-axis universal joint cross also achieves the functional goal of universal transmission.

The universal joint cross has a wide range of uses in the mechanical field.

1. The repair tool, through the universal joint cross of the cross shaft, allows the ratchet wrench to achieve multi-angle work.

2. Because the automobile drive shaft has a solid and reliable universal joint cross, even if the engine and drive axle are not at the same height, torque transmission can be easily achieved. In some cars, the positions of the engine and rear wheel axle centers are not at the same height. If there is no universal joint cross, it is impossible to have such a vehicle arrangement.

For off-road vehicles with integral drive axles, cross-shaft universal joint cross are generally used here for the front axle shafts. Because off-road vehicles not only need to achieve four-wheel drive function, but also take into account the steering function (the steering wheel must rotate when the vehicle turns), and off-road vehicles require much greater torque than other vehicles, so the cross-axis universal joint cross It is logically used on it. It is not difficult to find out if you actually look at the cars on the market, but most of the cars that use cross-axis universal joint cross on the drive axle are used for rough work.


The earliest custom universal joints were not used on cars, but on clocks. From 1352 to 1354, the universal joint drive shaft in the clock mechanism of Strasbourg Cathedral can be said to be the birth of the universal joint. Some people may wonder, why is there a universal joint in the clock? This is because the clock panel can be opened outwards like a door. During the opening process, universal joints are indispensable, and in the mechanical technology at that time, the flexible shaft has not yet been processed.

In fact, in 1550, the ring-type balanced suspension of the Geronimo cardano compass was the prototype of the universal joint. This is a very amazing design, especially in that era, a seemingly simple disc appearance, but has a complicated mechanical structure.

In 1663, the Robert hook universal joint was born; in 20 years, the double Hook universal joint was born. By 1824, jean victor poncelet used spherical trigonometry and differential calculus to help analyze the motion of the Hooke universal joint and calculate the force on the cross axis. In 1841, robert willis made a kinematic analysis of the double Hook gimbal, which was complete and scientific. In 1894, Carlbach made a calculation of the surface stress of the cross shaft. From 1901 to 1902, arthur hardt and robert schwenke’s patent for automobile universal joints, namely the double-linked Hooke universal joint, was used for automobile steering wheels. However, in 1904, the Hooke type universal joint drive shaft became a series of products. Since Benz’s Mercedes-Benz No. 1, the car basically has no steering drive wheels, so the universal joint is hardly used by the car. In 1908, the first ball universal joint was born. In 1923, it was discovered that the steering center of the fixed ball universal joint did not coincide with its own rotation center. In 1926, the uniform velocity universal joint was born. In 1927, the articulation angle of the six-ball fixed universal joint was forty-five degrees, and in 1934 it had a ball offset control. In 1928, the first journal that used needle roller bearings on the cross shaft of the Hooke universal joint was the « biped » joint. In 1933, ball universal joints with offset raceways appeared. In 1938, Robert Suczek used the offset principle of the telescopic ball joint. In 1946, the birfield elliptical race ball joint was put into mass production in 1959. In 1960, loebro circular raceway fixed universal joint was invented by aucktor willmek michel orain’s three-pivot universal joint. In 1961, henri faure’s four-ball telescopic universal joint with a pair of intersecting raceways. In 1962, Loebro’s VL universal joint with intersecting raceways was born. In 1965, the DO-telescopic gimbal of gaston devos was developed from the birfield gimbal with universal joint manufacturer and offset cage.


custom universal joints can be used in many industries, and the use of universal joints can improve work efficiency. Cross-axis universal joints are very important components in the design and manufacture of automobiles. Universal joint balancing machines generally belong to horizontal hard support balancing machine series. Generally speaking, those rotors with rotating shafts or assembling process shafts, such as motor rotors, machine tool spindles, rollers, fans, steam turbines, supercharger rotors, etc., are all suitable for horizontal dynamic balancing machines.

Universal joint balancing machine is driven by universal coupling, and it is also a kind of universal joint, which can obtain a variety of balancing speeds, and this kind of universal joint has high precision, convenient operation and high working efficiency. Universal joint balancing machine is mainly used for balancing rotating workpieces such as large motors, machine tool spindles, fans, centrifuges, water pumps, internal combustion engines, wind wheels, ceramic machinery, rollers, glue sticks, etc.

Universal joint balancing machine has high sensitivity sensor, good linearity, durability and reliability; Secondly, the universal joint balancing machine has advanced electrical measurement system, friendly man-machine interface and complete functions. Thirdly, the universal joint balancing machine is usually calibrated once and used permanently, allowing extremely high initial unbalance; Fourthly, the special universal coupling transmission for the balancing machine has stable power transmission, fast starting and convenient operation; Fifthly, the universal joint balancing machine is suitable for the rotor excircle, which can not adopt the ring belt transmission device or requires a great transmission power. Finally, it has a professionally designed swing frame, which effectively transmits mechanical force, is firm and reliable, has small vibration resistance and good rigidity。

Universal joint balancer can balance the motor rotor, roller, machine tool spindle, multi-stage pump, fan impeller and other workpieces, which has a wide application range; universal joint for truck coupling transmission, stable power transmission; Applicable to the rotor excircle that can not adopt the ring belt transmission device or requires a large transmission power; One calibration and continuous use can allow extremely high initial unbalance.